So I’m going to start off with ferel hogs since i’ve been tracking them around my home this past month. Care should be used when identifying hog tracks since they resemble deer, and javelina. The cleaves of hogs tend to be blunt as opposed to deer tracks that are pointy, with the exception of baby hogs which can be pointy as well. The cleaves are also concave on the inside between each other leaving a gap in the track towards the front of the track even while in a slow gait. Deer cleaves tend to spread out when moving at high speed, but the cleaves are still pionty and not concave, so keep that in mind while tracking. And the dew claws are an indicator of hog, the track width of the dew claws is larger than the track width of the cleaves. In other words, the dew claws protrude out further than the rest of the track. Deer dew claws are positioned behind the cleaves and are equal in width or shorter in width than the overall track.
Hogs walk about while feeding, trot to cover ground and can lope or gallop when alarmed. Track size can vary quite a bit in my experience. Mark Elbroch’s Mammal Tracks & Sign book gives measurements but those listed must be an average adult. I don’t typically measure the tracks since I’ve found so much variation in sizes I don’t find this measurement to be very helpful to me. And since they’re roughly the size of, and resemble deer, I first rule out deer by looking at track shape and looking at dew claw placement in relation to the track. Also, for hogs, the front tracks are bigger than the rears.
In the above photo, notice the rounded, blunt tracks, also see that the dew claws sit outside of either cleave.
Hogs use muddy areas to wallow, notice in the above photo the mub rubbed of onto this pine tree.